Г‚В§ 243 Dateiversionen
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Mafcard salamsuper.co г num. gf. Fufar.í/./.я. 6. Et quando ratio in difpofitione eft exprefla, tunc non dicitur fieri extenfio ad aUum cafum, fedcafus ille vigore ra-. , 27 г. 3 и 8. 4o8. — А2o. 21 г. — Sup. бr — IlВ. 12 г. , 57о. Jh. Гг Bonaventura: Commentarius in primum librum sententiarum. (r-r) Verzeichnis der Distinktionen samt Quästionen. Am Schluß (r): In. Play media. On March 20,during public testimony to the House Intelligence Committee, FBI director James Comey confirmed the existence of an FBI investigation into Russian interference and Russian links to the Trump campaign, including the question of whether there had been any coordination between the campaign and the Russians. Internet Research Source Indictment. Polls conducted in August found widespread more info and distrust of Trump's handling of the investigation. The stolen documents effectively distracted media and voter attention from both stories. + /u KBo Г./ [jh.] (+)Bo KUB T.I * [jh.] /u KBo cth Г./ [jh.] /u KBo cth T.I [jh.]. Mafcard salamsuper.co г num. gf. Fufar.í/./.я. 6. Et quando ratio in difpofitione eft exprefla, tunc non dicitur fieri extenfio ad aUum cafum, fedcafus ille vigore ra-. , 27 г. 3 и 8. 4o8. — А2o. 21 г. — Sup. бr — IlВ. 12 г. , 57о. Hannüvemhen, Partnr~:sein> '. "Er шип Sohn des n ` / A)»l 1 ‚и. ` -~.'Ín l l' г. ` ' '\ " ' PredigersAngIl-îst Conrad, und wat' Lehrer an der . 'l - Г' Einige Hexenfcenen aus Shaketpearü Macbeth, nach ger: Verdeutfchung in Muûk gefetzt von J. F. salamsuper.co Jahr-zahl? 20 S. fol. ' AdB. "7. l.
Pot-bellied pigs and Alpacas in the Zoo of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Pot-bellied pigs in the Zoo of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.
Primula denticulata Sakhalin 2. Primula elatior Sakhalin. Rock near the top of Chekhov Peak. Rowanberry Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Museum.
Cerasus kurilensis. Cerasus Sakhalinesis. JPG 2. Pinus pumila. Sakhalin mud pot 2. Sakhalin mud pot. Sakhalin mud Volcano 1. Sakhalin mud Volcano Sakhalin mud Volcano 2.
Sakhalin mud Volcano 3. Sakhalin mud Volcano 4. Sakhalin mud Volcano 5. Sakhalin mud Volcano 6.
Sakhalin mud Volcano 7. Sakhalin mud Volcano 8. Sakhalin mud Volcano 9. Street Lamps In The Morning Top of Chekhov Peak near Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.
Toyohara city hall. Treasure house of karafuto shinto shrine. Unidentified Cerambycidae female 1. Unidentified Cerambycidae female 2. Unidentified Cerambycidae female 3.
Verhnee Lake in city park Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk 1. Verhnee Lake in city park Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk 2. View of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk from Chekhov Peak.
View of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk from Gorny Vozduh. Yuspet building. Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk - Forest near Santa Hotel.
Yuzhno-sakhalinsk lobby komsomolsky. Yuzhno-sakhalinsk military hospital. Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Victory Day Parade A report by the Senate Intelligence Committee  found "an unprecedented level of activity against state election infrastructure" by Russian intelligence in Of "particular concern" to the committee report was the Russians' hacking of three companies "that provide states with the back-end systems that have increasingly replaced the thick binders of paper used to verify voters' identities and registration status.
During the summer and fall of , Russian hackers intruded into voter databases and software systems in 39 different states, alarming Obama administration officials to the point that they took the unprecedented step of contacting Moscow directly via the Moscow—Washington hotline and warning that the attacks risked setting off a broader conflict.
As early as June , the FBI sent a warning to states about "bad actors" probing state-elections systems to seek vulnerabilities.
In August , the FBI issued a nationwide "flash alert" warning state election officials about hacking attempts. Department of Homeland Security officials and the National Association of Secretaries of State announced that hackers had penetrated, or sought to penetrate, the voter-registration systems in more than 20 states over the previous few months.
On September 22, , federal authorities notified the election officials of 21 states that their election systems had been targeted.
California Secretary of State Alex Padilla said, "California voters can further rest assured that the California Secretary of State elections infrastructure and websites were not hacked or breached by Russian cyber actors Our notification from DHS last Friday was not only a year late, it also turned out to be bad information.
In May , the Senate Intelligence Committee released its interim report on election security. Department of Homeland Security to Russian government-sponsored efforts to undermine confidence in the U.
The committee reported that the Russian government was able to penetrate election systems in at least 18, and possibly up to 21, states, and that in a smaller subset of states, infiltrators "could have altered or deleted voter registration data," although they lacked the ability to manipulate individual votes or vote tallies.
The committee wrote that the infiltrators' failure to exploit vulnerabilities in election systems could have been because they "decided against taking action" or because "they were merely gathering information and testing capabilities for a future attack".
By January , a multi-agency investigation, conducted by the FBI, the CIA , the NSA , the Justice Department , the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network and representatives of the DNI , was underway looking into how the Russian government may have secretly financed efforts to help Trump win the election had been conducted over several months by six federal agencies.
By January , the FBI was investigating the possible funneling of illegal money by Aleksandr Torshin , a deputy governor of the Central Bank of Russia , through the National Rifle Association , which was then used to help Donald Trump win the presidency.
The subunits within the organization which made the donations are not generally required to disclose their donors.
Torshin met with Donald Trump Jr. Maria Butina , a Russian anti-gun control activist who has served as a special assistant to Torshin and came to the U.
The email was later turned over to federal investigators as part of the inquiry into Russia's meddling in the presidential election.
As of April , Mueller's investigators were examining whether Russian oligarchs directly or indirectly provided illegal cash donations to the Trump campaign and inauguration.
Investigators were examining whether oligarchs invested in American companies or think tanks having political action committees connected to the campaign, as well as money funneled through American straw donors to the Trump campaign and inaugural fund.
At least one oligarch, Viktor Vekselberg , was detained and his electronic devices searched as he arrived at a New York area airport on his private jet in early Investigators have also asked a third oligarch who has not traveled to the United States to voluntarily provide documents and an interview.
In part because U. From late until the summer of , during routine surveillance of Russians, several countries discovered interactions between the Trump campaign and Moscow.
Brennan directly to give him information. Congress' " Gang of Eight " during late August and September He said he first picked up on Russia's active meddling "last summer",  and that he had on August 4, , warned his counterpart at Russia's FSB intelligence agency, Alexander Bortnikov , against further interference.
The first public U. On October 7, the U. Intelligence Community had concluded, in a consensus view, that Russia conducted operations to assist Donald Trump in winning the presidency, stating that "individuals with connections to the Russian government", previously known to the intelligence community, had given WikiLeaks hacked emails from the DNC and John Podesta.
FBI has been investigating the Russian government's attempt to influence the presidential election—including whether campaign associates of Donald Trump's were involved in Russia's efforts—since July 31, An earlier event investigated by the FBI was a May meeting between the Donald Trump campaign foreign policy advisor, George Papadopoulos , and Alexander Downer in a London wine bar, where Papadopoulos disclosed his inside knowledge of a large trove of Hillary Clinton emails that could potentially damage her campaign.
Papadopoulos had gained this knowledge on March 14, , when he held a meeting with Joseph Mifsud ,  who told Papadopoulos the Russians had "dirt" on Clinton in the form of thousands of stolen emails.
This occurred before the hacking of the DNC computers had become public knowledge,   and Papadopoulos later bragged "that the Trump campaign was aware the Russian government had dirt on Hillary Clinton".
John Podesta later testified before the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence that in April , the DNC did not know their computers had been hacked, leading Adam Schiff to state: "So if the campaign wasn't aware in April that the hacking had even occurred, the first campaign to be notified the Russians were in possession of stolen emails would have been the Trump campaign through Mr.
On December 29, , the FBI and the Department of Homeland Security DHS released an unclassified report  that gave new technical details regarding methods used by Russian intelligence services for affecting the U.
The report included malware samples and other technical details as evidence that the Russian government had hacked the Democratic National Committee.
One analyst told the Süddeutsche Zeitung that U. On March 20, , during public testimony to the House Intelligence Committee, FBI director James Comey confirmed the existence of an FBI investigation into Russian interference and Russian links to the Trump campaign, including the question of whether there had been any coordination between the campaign and the Russians.
The statement also noted that the Russians have used similar tactics and techniques across Europe and Eurasia to influence public opinion there.
On December 29, , DHS and FBI released a Joint Analysis Report JAR which further expands on that statement by providing details of the tools and infrastructure used by Russian intelligence services to compromise and exploit networks and infrastructure associated with the recent U.
On January 6, , after briefing the president, the president-elect, and members of the Senate and House, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence ODNI released a de-classified version of the report on Russian activities.
Government and fuel political protest. On March 5, , James Clapper said, in an interview with Chuck Todd on Meet the Press that the January ICA did not have evidence of collusion, but that it might have become available after he left the government.
He agreed with Todd that the "idea of collusion" was not proven at that time. He also stated he was also unaware of the existence of the formal investigation at that time.
In June , E. Priestap , the assistant director of the FBI Counterintelligence Division , told the PBS Newshour program that Russian intelligence "used fake news and propaganda and they also used online amplifiers to spread the information to as many people as possible" during the election.
In testimony to the Senate Intelligence Committee on June 8,  former FBI Director James Comey said he had "no doubt" Russia interfered in the election and that the interference was a hostile act.
Something about the way I was conducting it, the president felt, created pressure on him he wanted to relieve. At least 17 distinct investigations were started to examine aspects of Russian interference in the United States elections.
Members of the U. Senate Intelligence Committee traveled to Ukraine and Poland in and learned about Russian operations to influence their elections.
Senator McCain called for a special select committee of the U. Senate to investigate Russian meddling in the election,   and called election meddling an "act of war".
The Senate Intelligence Committee began work on its bipartisan inquiry in January In May , the Senate Intelligence Committee released the interim findings of their bipartisan investigation, finding that Russia interfered in the election with the goal of helping Trump gain the presidency, stating: "Our staff concluded that the [intelligence community's] conclusions were accurate and on point.
The Russian effort was extensive, sophisticated, and ordered by President Putin himself for the purpose of helping Donald Trump and hurting Hillary Clinton.
National Security. The Senate Intelligence Committee commissioned two reports that extensively described the Russian campaign to influence social media during the election.
On April 21, , the Senate Intelligence Committee released a unanimous, heavily redacted report reviewing the January intelligence community assessment on Russian interference.
The committee praised the assessment as an "impressive accomplishment", noting that the assessment "reflects proper analytic tradecraft" despite a limited timeframe.
After bipartisan calls to action in December ,   the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence launched an investigation in January about Russian election meddling, including possible ties between Trump's campaign and Russia.
The Senate Intelligence Committee launched its own parallel probe in January as well. On February 24, , Republican Congressman Darrell Issa called for a special prosecutor to investigate whether Russia meddled with the U.
On April 6, , Republican committee chairman Devin Nunes temporarily recused himself from the investigation after the House Ethics Committee announced that it would investigate accusations that he had disclosed classified information without authorization.
He was replaced by Representative Mike Conaway. The committee's probe was shut down on March 12, ,   acknowledging that Russians interfered in the elections through an active measures campaign  promoting propaganda and fake news ,  but rejecting the conclusion of intelligence agencies that Russia had favored Trump in the election   although some Republican committee members distanced themselves from this assertion.
Democrats on the committee objected to the Republicans' closure of the investigation and their refusal to press key witnesses for further testimony or documentation which might have further established complicity of the Trump campaign with Russia.
President Obama and Vladimir Putin had a discussion about computer security issues in September , which took place over the course of an hour and a half.
Obama emphasized the gravity of the situation by telling Putin: "International law, including the law for armed conflict, applies to actions in cyberspace.
On December 9, , Obama ordered the U. Intelligence Community to investigate Russian interference in the election and report before he left office on January 20, Homeland Security Advisor and chief counterterrorism advisor to the president Lisa Monaco announced the study, and said foreign intrusion into a U.
Intelligence Community  that Russia used cyberattacks to influence the election. Obama said the U.
In the last days of the Obama administration, officials pushed as much raw intelligence as possible into analyses and attempted to keep reports at relatively low classification levels as part of an effort to widen their visibility across the federal government.
The information was filed in many locations within federal agencies as a precaution against future concealment or destruction of evidence in the event of any investigation.
On December 29, , the U. Initially Putin refrained from retaliatory measures to the December 29 sanctions and invited all the children of the U.
He also said that steps for restoring Russian-American relations would be built on the basis of the policies developed by the Trump administration.
The law forbids the president from lifting earlier sanctions without first consulting Congress, giving them time to reverse such a move.
It targets Russia's defense industry by harming Russia's ability to export weapons, and allows the U. The administration insisted that the mere threat of the sanctions outlined in the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act would serve as a deterrent, and that implementing the sanctions would therefore be unnecessary.
On July 27, as the sanctions bill was being passed by the Senate, Putin pledged a response to "this kind of insolence towards our country".
S, and suspended the use of a retreat compound and a storage facility in Moscow. As of October , the question of whether Donald Trump won the election because of the Russian interference had not been given much focus—being declared impossible to determine, or ignored in favor of other factors that led to Trump's victory.
Michael V. Hayden , a former director of the CIA and the NSA, believes that although the Russian attacks were "the most successful covert influence operation in history," what impact they had is "not just unknown, it's unknowable.
Clinton supporters have been more likely to blame her defeat on campaign mistakes, Comey's reopening of the criminal investigation into her emails, or to direct attention to whether Trump colluded with Russia.
Several high-level Republicans believe Russian interference did not determine the election's outcome, including those who would have benefited from Russia's efforts.
President Trump has asserted that "the Russians had no impact on our votes whatsoever",  and Vice President Pence has claimed "it is the universal conclusion of our intelligence communities that none of those efforts had any impact on the outcome of the election.
On the other hand, a number of former intelligence and law enforcement officials, at least one political scientist and one former U.
I think the Russians had more to do with making Clinton lose than Trump did. I believe Trump would not have even been within striking distance of Clinton on Election Day.
He lost the election, and he was put into office because the Russians interfered on his behalf. Three states where Trump won by very close margins—margins significantly less than the number of votes cast for third party candidates in those states—gave him an electoral college majority.
The dismissal came as a surprise to Comey and most of Washington, and was described as immediately controversial and having "vast political ramifications" because of the Bureau's ongoing investigation into Russian activities in the election.
I was fired in some way to change, or the endeavor was to change, the way the Russia investigation was being conducted. Trump stated, "I just fired the head of the F.
He was crazy, a real nut job I faced great pressure because of Russia. That's taken off. Mueller assembled a legal team.
In October Trump campaign adviser George Papadopoulos pleaded guilty earlier in the month to making a false statement to FBI investigators about his connections to Russia.
His plea agreement said a Russian operative had told a campaign aide "the Russians had emails of Clinton".
Papadopoulos agreed to cooperate with prosecutors as part of the plea bargain. Later that month, former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort surrendered to the FBI after being indicted on multiple charges.
Manafort was charged with four counts of failing to file reports of foreign bank and financial accounts while Gates was charged with three.
In March the investigation revealed that the prosecutors have established links between Rick Gates and an individual with ties to Russian intelligence which occurred while Gates worked on Trump's campaign.
A report filed by prosecutors, concerning the sentencing of Gates and Manafort associate Alex van der Zwaan who lied to Mueller's investigators, alleges that Gates knew the individual he was in contact with had these connections.
On February 16, , a Federal grand jury in Washington, D. Lawyers representing Concord Management and Consulting appeared on May 9, , in federal court in Washington, to plead not guilty to the charges.
On July 13, , Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein released indictments returned by a grand jury charging twelve Russian intelligence officials, who work for the Russian intelligence agency GRU , with conspiring to interfere in the elections.
In one unidentified state, the Russians stole information on half a million voters. The indictment also said a Republican congressional candidate, also unidentified, had been sent campaign documents stolen by the group, and that a reporter was in contact with the Russian operatives and offered to write an article to coincide with the release of the stolen documents.
In March , Anastasia Vashukevich , a Belarusian national arrested in Thailand, said she had over 16 hours of audio recordings that could shed light on possible Russian interference in American elections.
She offered the recordings to American authorities in exchange for asylum, to avoid being extradited to Belarus.
She said some of the recorded conversations, which she asserted were made in August , included three individuals who spoke fluent English and who she believed were Americans.
Vashukevich's claims appeared to be consistent with a video published in February by Alexei Navalny , about a meeting between Deripaska and Russian Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Eduardovich Prikhodko.
In the video, Navalny claims Deripaska served as a liaison between the Russian government and Paul Manafort in connection with Russian interference efforts.
In August , Vashukevich said she no longer has any evidence having sent the recordings to Deripaska without having made them public, hoping he would be able to gain her release from prison,  and has promised Deripaska not to make any further comment on the recordings' contents.
On March 24, Attorney General Barr sent a four-page letter to Congress regarding the Special Counsel's findings regarding Russian interference and obstruction of justice.
On April 18, , a redacted version of the final Mueller Report was released to the public. On May 29, , Mueller announced that he was retiring as special counsel and the office would be shut down, and he spoke publicly about the report for the first time.
He reiterated that his report did not exonerate the president and that legal guidelines prevented the indictment of a sitting president, stating that "the Constitution requires a process other than the criminal justice system to formally accuse a sitting president of wrongdoing.
He emphasized that the central conclusion of his investigation was "that there were multiple, systematic efforts to interfere in our election.
That allegation deserves the attention of every American. Soon after the release of the Mueller Report, Trump began urging an investigation into the origins of the Russian investigation, wanting to "investigate the investigators".
Attorney John Durham to lead it. Durham was given the authority "to broadly examin[e] the government's collection of intelligence involving the Trump campaign's interactions with Russians," reviewing government documents and requesting voluntary witness statements.
He personally traveled to the United Kingdom and Italy to seek information, and at Barr's request Trump phoned the prime minister of Australia about the subject.
During the course of the presidential campaign and up to his inauguration, Donald J. Trump and at least 17 campaign officials and advisers had numerous contacts with Russian nationals, with WikiLeaks, or with intermediaries between the two.
As of January 28, The New York Times had tallied more than a hundred in-person meetings, phone calls, text messages, emails and private messages on Twitter between the Trump Campaign and Russians or WikiLeaks.
In spring of , U. American intelligence agencies also intercepted communications of Russian officials, some of them within the Kremlin, discussing contacts with Trump associates.
In particular, Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak has met several Trump campaign members and administration nominees; the people involved have dismissed those meetings as routine conversations in preparation for assuming the presidency.
Trump's team has issued at least twenty denials concerning communications between his campaign and Russian officials;  several of these denials turned out to be false.
Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort had several contacts with senior Russian intelligence officials during , which he denied.
In Manafort was indicted in the U. District Court for the District of Columbia on various charges arising from his consulting work for the pro-Russian government of Viktor Yanukovych in Ukraine before Yanukovych's overthrow in , as well as in the Eastern District of Virginia for eight charges of tax and bank fraud.
He was convicted of the fraud charges in August and sentenced to 47 months in prison by Judge T. Although all the charges arose from the Special Counsel investigation, none of them were for any alleged collusion to interfere with U.
He was in Moscow to give a paid speech which he failed to disclose as is required of former high-ranking military officers.
In February , Flynn was named as an advisor to Trump's presidential campaign. Later that year, in phone calls intercepted by U. In December Flynn, then Trump's designated choice to be National Security Advisor, and Jared Kushner met with Russian ambassador to the United States Sergey Kislyak and requested him to set up a direct, encrypted line of communication so they could communicate directly with the Kremlin without the knowledge of American intelligence agencies.
On December 29, , the day President Obama announced sanctions against Russia, Flynn discussed the sanctions with Kislyak, urging that Russia not retaliate.
Two days later, acting Attorney General Sally Yates informed the White House that Flynn was "compromised" by the Russians and possibly open to blackmail.
On December 1, , Flynn pleaded guilty to a single felony count of making "false, fictitious and fraudulent statements" to the FBI about his conversations with Kislyak.
His plea was part of a plea bargain with special counsel Robert Mueller , under which Flynn also agreed to cooperate with Mueller's investigation.
On January 31, , Mueller filed for and was granted a delay in Flynn's sentencing due to the status of the Russia investigation.
In March Donald Trump named George Papadopoulos , an oil, gas, and policy consultant, as an unpaid foreign policy advisor to his campaign.
Shortly thereafter Papadopoulos was approached by Joseph Mifsud , a London-based professor with connections to high-ranking Russian officials.
Papadopoulos' main activity during the campaign was attempting, unsuccessfully, to set up meetings between Russian officials including Vladimir Putin and Trump campaign officials including Trump himself.
In June , Donald Trump Jr. Former Attorney General Jeff Sessions , an early and prominent supporter of Trump's campaign, spoke twice with Russian ambassador Kislyak before the election—once in July at the Republican convention and once in September in Sessions' Senate office.
In his confirmation hearings, Sessions testified that he "did not have communications with the Russians". Roger Stone , a former adviser to Donald Trump and business partner of Paul Manafort, said he had been in contact with Guccifer 2.
In June Stone disclosed that he had met with a Russian individual during the campaign, who wanted Trump to pay two million dollars for "dirt on Hillary Clinton".
This disclosure contradicted Stone's earlier claims that he had not met with any Russians during the campaign.
The meeting Stone attended was set up by Donald Trump's campaign aide, Michael Caputo and is a subject of Robert Mueller's investigation.
Oil industry consultant Carter Page had his communications monitored by the FBI under a FISA warrant beginning in ,  and again beginning in October ,  after he was suspected of acting as an agent for Russia.
Page told The Washington Post he considered that to be "unjustified, politically motivated government surveillance". MbZ also advised Trump on the dangers of Iran and about Palestinian peace talks.
Donald Trump's son-in-law and senior advisor , Jared Kushner , on his application for top secret security clearance, failed to disclose numerous meetings with foreign officials, including Ambassador Kislyak and Sergei Gorkov , the head of the Russian state-owned bank Vnesheconombank.
Kushner's lawyers called the omissions "an error". Vnesheconombank has said the meeting was business-related, in connection with Kushner's management of Kushner Companies.
However, the Trump administration provided a different explanation, saying it was a diplomatic meeting.