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Nikola Tesla war ein Erfinder, Physiker und Elektroingenieur. Sein Lebenswerk ist geprägt durch zahlreiche Neuerungen auf dem Gebiet der Elektrotechnik, insbesondere der elektrischen Energietechnik, wie die Entwicklung des heute als. Nikola Tesla (serbisch-kyrillisch Никола Тесла; * Juli in Smiljan, Kroatische Militärgrenze, Kaisertum Österreich; † 7. Januar in New York, USA). Der Serbe Nikola Tesla war einer der genialsten Erfinder aller Zeiten, doch immer wieder ließ er sich um die Früchte seiner Arbeit bringen. Der Physiker, Ingenieur und Erfinder Nikola Tesla experimentierte im frühen Jahrhundert mit Wechselstrom. Bild Everett Collection Inc., Alamy. Name: Nikola Tesla Geburt: Juli in Smiljan Tod: 7. Januar in New York (USA) Erreichtes Lebensalter: 86 Jahre Eltern: Milutin Tesla, Duka Tesla.
Teslas wichtigste Erfindungen. Teslaturbine. Obwohl diese Turbine den zwanzigfachen Wirkungsgrad von normalen Turbinen besitzen soll, wird sie bis heute. Nikola Tesla hinterließ mehr als Patente und einige Erfindungen, von welchen wir glauben, dass diese aus der Gegenwart stammen, hat. Am Juli wurde Nikola Tesla geboren. Der Physiker und Elektroingenieur machte wichtige Erfindungen in der Elektrotechnik und hatte visionäre Ideen.
Nicolas Tesla Nikola Teslas Gegenspieler ist ein gerissener GeschäftsmannKurzbiografie: Kindheit und Ausbildung : Nikola Tesla wurde am Link als neuen Investor zu gewinnen. Während dieser Zeit lebte er im Haushalt seiner Tante. Juli in Smiljan here. Der renommierte Physiker war davon überzeugt, dass neben Sonnenstrahlen auch kosmische Strahlen auf die Erde einfallen und einen wesentlichen Einfluss auf das Leben haben, wodurch eine Wechselwirkung zwischen Flora und Superrtl.De einerseits und der kosmischen Energie andererseits besteht. Mit über 50 konstruiert er unter anderem Frequenzmesser, Blitzableiter, ein senkrecht startendes Fluggerät und ein geothermisches Kraftwerk. In den Jahren this web page verschärften sich seine finanziellen Probleme wieder.
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In his 84 years, Thomas Edison acquired a record number of 1, patents singly or jointly and was the driving force behind such innovations as the phonograph, the incandescent light bulb and one of the earliest motion picture cameras.
Italian inventor and engineer Guglielmo Marconi developed, demonstrated and marketed the first successful long-distance wireless telegraph and in broadcast the first transatlantic radio signal.
Alexander Graham Bell, best known for his invention of the telephone, revolutionized communication as we know it. His interest in sound technology was deep-rooted and personal, as both his wife and mother were deaf.
In , Connecticut-born gun manufacturer Samuel Colt received a U. Colt founded a company to manufacture his revolving-cylinder pistol; however, sales were slow and the Developed in the s and s by Samuel Morse and other inventors, the telegraph revolutionized long-distance communication.
It worked by transmitting electrical signals over a wire laid between stations. In addition to helping invent the telegraph, Samuel Morse Wilbur and Orville Wright were American inventors and pioneers of aviation.
In the Wright brothers achieved the first powered, sustained and controlled airplane flight; they surpassed their own milestone two years later when they built and flew the first fully practical The internet got its start in the United States more than 50 years ago as a government weapon in the Cold War.
For years, scientists and The automobile was first invented and perfected in Germany and France in the late s, though Americans quickly came to dominate the automotive industry in the first half of the twentieth century.
Henry Ford innovated mass-production techniques that became standard, and Ford, It was the height of World War II, and This Day In History.
He also developed the three-phase system of electric power transmission. He immigrated to the United States in and sold the patent rights to his system of alternating-current dynamos, transformers, and motors to George Westinghouse.
In he invented the Tesla coil , an induction coil widely used in radio technology. Tesla developed the alternating-current power system that provides electricity for homes and buildings.
He also pioneered the field of radio communication and was granted more than U. As a boy, Tesla was often sick, but he was a bright student with a photographic memory.
In addition to his interest in engineering, he possessed a wild imagination as well as a love of poetry.
Tesla was from a family of Serbian origin. His father was an Orthodox priest; his mother was unschooled but highly intelligent.
As he matured, he displayed remarkable imagination and creativity as well as a poetic touch. Training for an engineering career, he attended the Technical University at Graz , Austria , and the University of Prague.
At Graz he first saw the Gramme dynamo , which operated as a generator and, when reversed, became an electric motor , and he conceived a way to use alternating current to advantage.
Later, at Budapest , he visualized the principle of the rotating magnetic field and developed plans for an induction motor that would become his first step toward the successful utilization of alternating current.
In Tesla went to work in Paris for the Continental Edison Company, and, while on assignment to Strassburg in , he constructed, after work hours, his first induction motor.
Tesla sailed for America in , arriving in New York with four cents in his pocket, a few of his own poems, and calculations for a flying machine.
He first found employment with Thomas Edison , but the two inventors were far apart in background and methods, and their separation was inevitable.
Tesla soon established his own laboratory, where his inventive mind could be given free rein. He experimented with shadowgraphs similar to those that later were to be used by Wilhelm Röntgen when he discovered X-rays in In order to allay fears of alternating currents, Tesla gave exhibitions in his laboratory in which he lit lamps by allowing electricity to flow through his body.
He was often invited to lecture at home and abroad. The Tesla coil, which he invented in , is widely used today in radio and television sets and other electronic equipment.
He typically did not make drawings by hand but worked from memory. Beginning in his childhood, Tesla had frequent flashbacks to events that had happened previously in his life.
Tesla never married, explaining that his chastity was very helpful to his scientific abilities. His opinion had started to sway in later years when he felt that women were trying to outdo men and make themselves more dominant.
This "new woman" was met with much indignation from Tesla, who felt that women were losing their femininity by trying to be in power.
In an interview with the Galveston Daily News on 10 August he stated, "In place of the soft voiced, gentle woman of my reverent worship, has come the woman who thinks that her chief success in life lies in making herself as much as possible like man—in dress, voice and actions, in sports and achievements of every kind The tendency of women to push aside man, supplanting the old spirit of cooperation with him in all the affairs of life, is very disappointing to me".
Tesla was asocial and prone to seclude himself with his work. Robert Underwood Johnson described him as attaining a "distinguished sweetness, sincerity, modesty, refinement, generosity, and force".
Tesla occasionally attended dinner parties held by Viereck and his wife. Tesla could be harsh at times and openly expressed disgust for overweight people, such as when he fired a secretary because of her weight.
He had no hobby, cared for no sort of amusement of any kind and lived in utter disregard of the most elementary rules of hygiene His method was inefficient in the extreme, for an immense ground had to be covered to get anything at all unless blind chance intervened and, at first, I was almost a sorry witness of his doings, knowing that just a little theory and calculation would have saved him 90 percent of the labor.
But he had a veritable contempt for book learning and mathematical knowledge, trusting himself entirely to his inventor's instinct and practical American sense.
Tesla claimed never to sleep more than two hours per night. Swezey recalled one morning when Tesla called him at 3 a. Suddenly, the telephone ring awakened me Tesla then telephoned his dinner order to the headwaiter, who also could be the only one to serve him.
He dined alone, except on the rare occasions when he would give a dinner to a group to meet his social obligations.
He curled his toes one hundred times for each foot every night, saying that it stimulated his brain cells. In an interview with newspaper editor Arthur Brisbane , Tesla said that he did not believe in telepathy, stating, "Suppose I made up my mind to murder you," he said, "In a second you would know it.
Now, isn't that wonderful? By what process does the mind get at all this? Tesla became a vegetarian in his later years, living on only milk, bread, honey, and vegetable juices.
Tesla disagreed with the theory of atoms being composed of smaller subatomic particles , stating there was no such thing as an electron creating an electric charge.
He believed that if electrons existed at all, they were some fourth state of matter or "sub-atom" that could exist only in an experimental vacuum and that they had nothing to do with electricity.
He was a believer in the 19th-century concept of an all-pervasive ether that transmitted electrical energy.
Tesla was generally antagonistic towards theories about the conversion of matter into energy. I hold that space cannot be curved, for the simple reason that it can have no properties.
It might as well be said that God has properties. He has not, but only attributes and these are of our own making. Of properties we can only speak when dealing with matter filling the space.
To say that in the presence of large bodies space becomes curved is equivalent to stating that something can act upon nothing.
I, for one, refuse to subscribe to such a view. Tesla claimed to have developed his own physical principle regarding matter and energy that he started working on in ,  and in , at age 81, claimed in a letter to have completed a "dynamic theory of gravity" that "[would] put an end to idle speculations and false conceptions, as that of curved space".
He stated that the theory was "worked out in all details" and that he hoped to soon give it to the world. Tesla is widely considered by his biographers to have been a humanist in philosophical outlook on top of his gifts as a technological scientist.
Tesla expressed the belief that human "pity" had come to interfere with the natural "ruthless workings of nature". Though his argumentation did not depend on a concept of a "master race" or the inherent superiority of one person over another, he advocated for eugenics.
In a interview he stated:. The only method compatible with our notions of civilization and the race is to prevent the breeding of the unfit by sterilization and the deliberate guidance of the mating instinct The trend of opinion among eugenists is that we must make marriage more difficult.
Certainly no one who is not a desirable parent should be permitted to produce progeny. A century from now it will no more occur to a normal person to mate with a person eugenically unfit than to marry a habitual criminal.
In , Tesla commented on the ills of the social subservience of women and the struggle of women toward gender equality , and indicated that humanity's future would be run by " Queen Bees ".
He believed that women would become the dominant sex in the future. Tesla made predictions about the relevant issues of a post-World War I environment in a printed article, "Science and Discovery are the great Forces which will lead to the Consummation of the War" 20 December Tesla was raised an Orthodox Christian.
Later in life he did not consider himself to be a "believer in the orthodox sense," said he opposed religious fanaticism , and said "Buddhism and Christianity are the greatest religions both in number of disciples and in importance".
When this functioning ceases, the 'soul' or the 'spirit' ceases likewise". Tesla wrote a number of books and articles for magazines and journals.
Tesla's legacy has endured in books, films, radio, TV, music, live theater, comics, and video games. The impact of the technologies invented or envisioned by Tesla is a recurring theme in several types of science fiction.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Nikola Tesla disambiguation. Serbian American inventor. Smiljan , Austrian Empire modern-day Croatia.
New York City , United States. Alternating current high-voltage, high-frequency power experiments. Order of St.
Main article: Tesla coil. Main article: Tesla's oscillator. Main article: Wardenclyffe Tower. Main article: Tesla turbine. Main article: List of Nikola Tesla patents.
See also: Nikola Tesla in popular culture. Main article: List of things named after Nikola Tesla. Electronics portal Energy portal Engineering portal Physics portal Technology portal.
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Tesla was definitely asocial, a loner. Although in his younger years he was immensely popular and admired by many rich, socialite women, there were no women in his life.
Tesla's peculiar nature made him a solitary man, a loner in a field that was becoming so complex that it demanded collaboration.
News Magazine. Current Science, vol. George Sylvester Viereck: Poet and Propagandist. Neil M. Thomas Edison: Life of an Electrifying Man.
Filiquarian Publishing, LLC. November Innovation: The Lessons of Nikola Tesla. Blue Eagle.